Mathematics is a creative and highly interconnected discipline that has been developed over centuries, providing the solution to some of history’s most intriguing problems. It is essential to everyday life, critical to science, technology and engineering, and necessary for financial literacy and most forms of employment. A high-quality mathematics education therefore provides a foundation for understanding the world, the ability to reason mathematically, an appreciation of the beauty and power of mathematics, and a sense of enjoyment and curiosity about the subject.

Key Stage 3 (Years 7 to 9)

A major focus in years 7 to 9 is on mathematical reasoning and developing the ability to express mathematical arguments formally. Through a variety of different contexts pupils gain an enjoyment of mathematics and a clearer understanding of mathematical concepts which will better prepare them for GCSEs and further education.

Pupils cover the following topic areas:

  • Number
  • Algebra
  • Geometry
  • Measures
  • Statistics
  • Probability

There is an increased emphasis from Year 7 through to 9 on how these topics relate to each other and how understanding of them can be applied to the solution of problem-solving tasks beyond the classroom.

Key Stage 4 (Years 10 to 11)

The Edexcel GCSE specification splits mathematics into two tiers; higher and foundation.  All pupils will aim to take the higher tier, covering grades 9 to 4, though teaching groups continue to be set according to ability.

Topics introduced in Years 9 and 10 will be further developed in Year 11 to include the extra work needed for pupils showing the potential to achieve a top grade.  Trigonometry taught at the end of Year 9, for instance, covers problem-solving in right-angled triangles in 2D. In Year 11 this is extended to 3D problems, graphs of trigonometric functions and the use of the sine and cosine rules.  Quadratic equations in Year 10 are limited to solution by factorisation, while in Year 11 solution by completing the square or use of the quadratic formula is introduced.